Monitoring of a specific disease is considered vital and significant in the aspect of health care. Proper monitoring of the disease trend should be conducted in order to help analyzed the current situation which might put the general population at risk, leading to increasing number of individuals who are developing certain disease. Measures and strategies must be enforced to keep a closer look on how a certain disease is afflicting the general population. In fact, according to a new long term study, the number of individuals who are experiencing acid reflux is getting higher and higher as compared to the number of cases for the past ten (10) years.
Acid reflux which is medically known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a specific disease in which the acid that is being produced by the stomach in order to digest the food is moving up towards the esophagus. There are many causes in which GERD can be associated. Such causes include: eating fatty foods, lying down after eating, over eating, and too much consumption of caffeinated and spicy foods. What happens in GERD is that, the esophageal sphincter which functions by blocking the stomach contents to go upward is malfunctioning. This leads to the back flow of the stomach contents resulting to the manifestations of the disease which include heartburn.
The new long term Norwegian study which was published online in the issue of the journal Gut involved the analysis and examination of data gathered from about almost 30,000 individuals. These study participants took part in the Norwegian Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT Study). The researchers had look into the digestive health of the study participants for about 11 years on average.
Upon the analysis of data, researchers found out that for the past ten years the number of individuals who are having the clinical manifestations of the said disease had increased to about 30 per cent. Also, those individuals who are experiencing severe clinical signs and symptoms of the disease had increased by 24 per cent. These results were eminent in all group ages and even both in men and women. This is aside from the fact that the disease is most common among women.
Moreover, these findings actually alarmed the researchers for the possible increase in the number of individuals who might have esophageal cancer in the future as a result of the reflux disease.